Complications that arise from diabetes put patients at increased risk of developing a number of vision-related diseases. These conditions include glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy and cataracts, as well as a number of other conditions that, even when seemingly unrelated to your sight, can impact your vision.
Diabetic retinopathy, which occurs when excess blood glucose levels cause damage to the blood vessels in the retina. It's also an extremely common cause of blindness in adults.
A pretty familiar result of old age, cataracts, which create vision impairment due to the clouding of the eyeí´s lens, often develop earlier in diabetes sufferers.
Your odds of developing glaucoma, another condition that can lead to blindness, double when you've got diabetes. This disease is categorized by optic nerve damage, which can lead to the worsening of vision. If it isn't properly dealt with, the damage can be severe, and irreversible.
Anyone with diabetes, and it doesn't matter if it is type 1 or type 2 - are at a higher chance of developing diabetic eye disease, even more so if their diabetes is uncontrolled. Additional risks include:
- High cholesterol
- High blood pressure
- Poor diet
- Lack of exercise
- Race í studies have shown that African-Americans and Hispanics may be at higher risk of developing diabetic retinopathy and vision loss.
Symptoms of diabetic eye diseases generally fluctuate when blood sugar levels do. These often include:
- Seeing double
- Blurred vision and blind spots
- Seeing floaters, or shadow in the field of view
- Trouble with near vision
- Corneal abrasions
It is crucial to know that the onset of diabetic eye disease can occur prior to its symptoms even being noticed.
Detecting the disease while it's still asymptomatic can make all the difference when it comes to avoiding irreversible loss of vision. With this is mind, it is strongly advised that diabetes sufferers have an annual eye exam, to make sure that everything is okay. If you or someone you care for has diabetes, it's so important to be sure you are educated about diabetic eye disease. A yearly eye exam, and proper preventative measures, can save your vision.